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Local Wisdom of Indigenous Moronene in Shifting Cultivation System in Bombana District

Rekson Solo Limba1, Weka Widayati2, Taane La Ola3, Nasrudin Suyuti4
Moronene is one of the "indigenous people" in Southeast Sulawesi which has an "agricultural culture" with the cultivation system based on "local wisdom". This community is expert in managing primary forests to cultivated land by any type of rice plant were carried out according to local wisdom systems with various rituals (Storm 1925). Moronene has a variety of traditional knowledge associated with the "shifting cultivation system". This local knowledge an identity of indigenous Moronene actualized in the "customary marriage", which requires the existence of customary paraphernalia in the form of agricultural tools, such as; axes, machetes and spears. These three tools were symbols of the main livelihood of Moronene ancestors in ancient times and are still preserved until now. One of the efforts to preserve cultural values is performed by the customary paraphernalia called "langa" during the traditional ritual of marriage of the Moronene. The philosophical meaning of “langa” is the agricultural tools to symbolize that the husband and wife must be ready and be able to use the tools to meets the needs of family life. The principal issue of this paper is "how the processes and the stages of shifting cultivation system based on local wisdom in indigenous Moronene (Indigenous Peoples Moronene - MAM). The purpose of this article is: (1) "to describe and analyze the processes and stages of shifting cultivation system carried out by “Community of Indigenous Moronene" (MAM), (2) to describe the relationship between agricultural culture and the "customary marriage of Moronene". The method used is descriptive qualitative through observation, in-depth interviews (in-depth interview) of Focus Group Discussion (FGD), and documentation. It found that the indigenous Moronene might not be separated from the agriculture system. This has been hereditary merged and become an identity of Moronene. Therefore, customary of "langa" is a symbol, and an identity of the Moronene who still upholds the values of local wisdom, particularly in the management and utilization of natural resources (forest).

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Diterbitkan pada: International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) ISSN (Online): 2319-7064 Index Copernicus Value (2013): 6.14 | Impact Factor (2014): 5.611

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